INTERNATIONAL ASTHMA DAY
The Global Initiative for Asthma has decided to celebrate International Asthma Day on the first Thursday of May every year to raise awareness globally.
Asthma is a condition in which the alveoli narrow and swell and cause the production of extra mucus than the usual quantity. shortness of breath, trigger coughing, wheezing, and breathing difficulties are faced by the patient. For some individuals it may cause a little nuisance but for others it could be a major threat that interferes the daily life activities and may lead to life-threatening asthma attacks.
No actual treatment is known for it but the symptoms could be greatly controlled.
- The symptoms vary from individual to individual .the common signs and symptoms recorded by different patients are as under i.e.
- Frequent coughing and shortness of breath
- General weakness throughout the day
- Trouble sleeping
- Difficulty in breathing
- Chest pain
- Wheezing and coughing
- Whistling sound during sleep
Mild attacks of asthma are quite common but are quick. The severe attacks, on the other hand, are less common but may long-lasing and may require medical aid as soon as possible
It is not clear enough that what actually hits some people and they get asthma while others living in the same environment remain unaffected, but its probably due to combination of a stimuli(external) and genetic causes. Following are the risk factors that need to be controlled or prevented to have control over your asthma i.e.
- Pollens, dust, spores etc – airborne substances
- Poor respiratory system
- Heavy exercise can cause exercise-induced asthma
- Irritants such as smoke
- Cold air
- Chemical additives added to some foods
Genetic factors can also increase the risk of getting asthma i.e.
- Family history
- Any other allergic condition
There is no such thing that could prevent the onset of asthma but certain steps could be taken to have a healthy living
- If you already have asthma, regular monitoring and treatment is a must
- Influenza and pneumonia vaccination
- Monitor your breathing pattern, consult your doctor if any disturbance is observed
- Avoid smoking and drinking
- Avoid the risk factors
You are advised to have an inhaler with you if you find yourself having any of the above symptoms.