World Diabetes Day is now an Official United Nation’s Day as it is marked every year on 14th November which is actually birthday of Sir Frederick Banting, one who discovered insulin along with other members.
What actually diabetes is? Diabetes is basically a health condition that affects the mechanism that how your body turns your intake into energy as the food you ate is broken down into small sugar particles (glucose) and released into your bloodstream. Naturally, when your glucose level goes up, the pancreas releases the insulin to make it normal. Although there are two types of diabetes but we deal mainly with Type 2.Type 1 diabetes is the one in which your body is not able to produce insulin, can develop at any age of life and Type 2 diabetes is the one in which your body do not respond to insulin, common in adults. If you don’t treat diabetes it leads to complications like cardiovascular disorders, neuropathy (nerve damage), nephropathy (kidney damage) and retinopathy (eye damage) etc. Care must be taken if a diabetic patient got injury especially on limbs because it can lead to chronic infections and requires amputation as a treatment.
Diabetes is something actually related to your lifestyle. Diet that is high in fat, calorie and cholesterol leads to obesity which becomes a major cause of diabetes. Lack of Physical activity, stress, and urbanization are factors those also contribute to diabetes.
Although there is no cure for diabetes, some healthy life tips help you to deal with it. First of all, eat healthy; get plenty of vegetables, fruits, whole grains, on fat dairy products and lean meat. If you are not active now it’s time to make yourself active by doing exercise. When you are stressed up, your sugar level rises automatically try to deal with your stress by doing yoga or other outdoor hobbies and quit smoking with consultation of doctor. Insulin and other diabetes medications are designed to lower your blood sugar levels when diet and exercise alone aren’t sufficient for managing diabetes.
NOTE: Adherence rate for diabetic medication varies between 40-90% .In orders to deal with diabetes; adherence with prescribed medication is crucial point to consider. Patient should have proper education regarding his/her diabetes medications.