The lack of enough awareness about high blood pressure and associated diseases led to the initiation of World Hypertension day by the world hypertension league in 2005. This day is celebrated on 18th May every year. This day is specially and specifically observed to raise awareness about hypertension, its causes, and factors that lead to it.special seminars and training sessions are organized by health professionals to teach the layman.
WHAT IS HYPERTENSION?
The force exerted by blood on the walls of arteries transmitting it is known as blood pressure.hypertension is a condition in which the blood pressure is higher than the average value.
The world health organization says that hypertension will be diagnosed if, when blood pressure measures on two different days, the systolic reading is greater than or equal to 140mmhg and/or diastolic pressure is greater than or equal to 90mmhg on both the days under consideration.
CAUSES OF HYPERTENSION:
A research says that almost 1.13 billion people of the world have hypertension.following are the main causes of it i.e.
- Inappropriate diet- having excessive salt, fat, or trans-fat, etc
- Lower average intake of fruits and vegetables.
- Tobacco smoking
- Consumption of alcohol
- Drug intake
- Sedentary lifestyle
SYMPTOMS OF HYPERTENSION:
Most people with high blood pressure are even unaware of its presence.this is because no obvious warning signs or symptoms are present making it a “silent killer”.
Following symptoms may occur in its case i.e.
- Unusual headache
- Vision disorders and buzzing in ears
- Nausea and vomiting
- Confusion associated with anxiety
- Chest pain
If left unchecked, hypertension could lead to following complications i.e.
- Angina-severe chest pain
- Heart attack-blood flow is blocked and heart muscle dies due to inefficient supply of oxygen
- Heart failure
- Irregular heartbeat which may result in sudden death
Following are the steps taken to lower the risks of hypertension i.e.
- Enough intake of fruits and vegetables
- Reducing salt consumption
- Reducing alcohol consumption
- Reducing the value of fats and trans fats
- Avoiding smoking
- Regular exercise and walk